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Home Research Topics Eye Movement Corpus Analysis Hohenstein, Matuschek, & Kliegl (2016, PBR). Linked linear mixed models: A joint analysis of fixation locations and fixation durations in natural reading.

Hohenstein, Matuschek, & Kliegl (2016, PBR). Linked linear mixed models: A joint analysis of fixation locations and fixation durations in natural reading.

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Hohenstein, S., Matuschek, H., & Kliegl, R. (2016). Psychonomic Bulletin & Review.

Abstract: The complexity of eye-movement control during reading allows measurement of many dependent variables, the most prominent ones being fixation durations and their locations in words. In current practice, either variable may serve as dependent variable or covariate for the other in linear mixed models (LMMs) featuring also psycholinguistic covariates of word recognition and sentence comprehension. Rather than analyzing fixation location and duration with separate LMMs, we propose linking the two according to their sequential dependency. Specifically, we include predicted fixation location (estimated in the first LMM from psycholinguistic covariates) and its associated residual fixation location as covariates in the second, fixation-duration LMM. This linked LMM affords a distinction between direct and indirect effects (mediated through fixation location) of psycholinguistic covariates on fixation durations. Results confirm the robustness of distributed processing in the perceptual span. They also offer a resolution of the paradox of the inverted optimal viewing position (IOVP) effect (i.e., longer fixation durations in the center than at the beginning and end of words) although the opposite (i.e., an OVP effect) is predicted from default assumptions of psycholinguistic processing efficiency: The IOVP effect in fixation durations is due to the residual fixation-location covariate, presumably driven primarily by saccadic error, and the OVP effect (at least the left part of it) is uncovered with the predicted fixation-location covariate, capturing the indirect effects of psycholinguistic covariates. We expect that linked LMMs will be useful for the analysis of other dynamically related multiple outcomes, a conundrum of most psychonomic research.

doi: 10.3758/s13423-016-1138-y

Published 2016, in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (Open access)

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Last Updated on Wednesday, 15 March 2017 15:57  

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